The Welsh Corgi is a small type of herding dog that
originated in Wales. Two distinct breeds are recognized:
the Pembroke Welsh Corgi and the Cardigan Welsh Corgi,
with the Pembroke being the more common. Corgis are
healthy dogs, living into their early or middle teens;
however, both do suffer from a few hereditary diseases.
Corgis are herding dogs and perform their duties by
nipping at the heels; the dog's low stature allows
it to avoid being kicked in the process. As herding
dogs, Corgis work livestock differently than other
breeds. Instead of gathering the cattle the way a
Collie would, by running around the livestock, Corgis
drive the herd forward by nipping at their heels and
working them from behind in semicircles.
There are two breeds of Welsh Corgis, the Cardigan
and the Pembroke, each named for the counties in Wales
where they originated. The only difference to those
unfamiliar with the breed often appears to be that
the Cardigan Welsh Corgi has a tail, while the Pembroke
does not. However, closer examination of the two breeds
reveals differences in bone structure, body length,
and overall size that indicate separate origins.
Corgi Dog Breed
Corgi Dog Classification:
Corgis are herd dogs for cattle. There
are two breeds of Corgis the Cardigan
Welsh Corgi, and the Pembroke Welsh Corgi.
Other Names Cardigan Welsh Corgi:
Cardigan, CWC, Cardi, Corgi
Other Names Pembroke Welsh Corgi:
Pembroke, PWC, Pem, Corgi
Origins: The Corgi originated
in Wales to drive cattle.
Description: Corgis are small
but sturdy dogs, with long bodies and
short legs. Corgis have a small prominent
nose and errect ears. The Pembroke Welsh
Corgi has a long tail, while the Cardiigan
Welsh Corgi has a docked tail.
Size: Cardigan Welsh Corgis are
slightly larger than Pembroke Welsh Corgis.
Welsh Corgis weigh from 20 to 30 lbs,
and stand 10 to 12.5 inches at their shoulder.
10-12.5 inches tall
Coat: Cardigan Welsh Corgis have
a short or medium weatherproof double
coat. Cardigan Welsh Corgis can be almost
any color, with or without white markings.
Pembroke Welsh Corgis have medium length
fur with a straight dense undercoat. Pembroke
Welsh Corgis can be red, sable, fawn,
or black and tan with or without white
markings on the legs, brisket, and neck.
Disposition: Welsh Corgis are
good-natured but can have the tendency
to instinctively herd children and other
pets by nipping at their heels. They are
obedient and intelligent dogs.
Type Dog: Corgis are working herd
Litter Size: Corgis give birth
to litters of 5 to 8 puppies.
Behavior: Corgis require a fair
amount of exercise considering their size,
they are still herd dogs and require regular
activity. Corgis are alert guard dogs,
and can be barkers, they will herd other
pets and even children.
Traits: Active, obedient
Country of Origin: Great Britain
Life Span: Welsh Corgis typically
live 11 to 12 years.
Club Recognitions: AKC, ANKC,
CKC, KC (UK), NZKC, UKC